Valve Replacement or Repair is used to repair or replace diseased the four valves in your heart: Aortic valve, Mitral valve, Tricuspid valve, and Pulmonary valve.
Theses valves control the direction of blood flow through your heart. The opening and closing of theses heart valves produce the sound of heartbeat.
Heart valve surgery can be recommended for those with the following conditions:
· Narrowing of the heart valve (stenosis)
· Leaking of the heart valve (regurgitation)
Valve problems may be caused by the following:
· Birth defects
· Calcium deposits (calcification)
· Infections such as rheumatic fever
Some defective heart valves can cause congestive heart failure and infections (infective endocarditis).
Risks associated with anesthesia include trouble breathing, adverse reactions to the medications, bleeding and infection.
Risks for any cardiac surgery include death, heart attack, irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) and stroke.