Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive spine surgery used to treat spine fractures caused by osteoporosis, also known as severe Vertebral Compression Fractures (VCF). VCF is a fracture in the vertebral body that causes it to collapse, and ultimately causing the spinal column to develop an abnormal forward curve.
Certain patients with osteoporosis are not good candidates for kyphoplasty. Kyphoplasty cannot correct already established deformities in the spine. Patients that are experiencing painful symptoms or deformities from osteoporotic fractures are the best candidates for kyphoplasty.
During Kyphoplasty, the surgeon makes a tiny incision (approx. 3mm) in the lower back, and inserts a device called KyphX IBT (inflatable bone tamp) into the vertebral body where the fracture is. A deflated balloon is attached to the end of the IBT and inflated once it reaches the fractured area, which expands and creates a cavity. The balloon is then deflated and removed from the newly created cavity. The cavity is filled with bone cement to stabilize the vertebrae and straighten the spine. Kyphoplasty also restores spinal body height and vertebrae shape reducing deformity.