Bone marrow transplant is an organ transplant procedure that treats patients with severe immune deficiency diseases, such as leukemia and aplastic anemia. Bone marrow is soft, vascular tissue consisting of stem cells in the bone cavities and is the source of red blood cells.
The immature or defective blood cells interfere with the production of normal blood cells where they accumulate in the bloodstream—and, at a deteriorated stage, target other tissues.
Depending on the severity of the problem and the urgency of the transplant, there are two main types of bone transplant: allogeneic transplants and autologous transplants.
During an allogeneic bone marrow transplant, stem cells are donated to the patient from a bone marrow donor with matched stem cell. Bone marrow donor is usually a family member, a brother or sister carrying the same tissue type as the patient.
In autogous bone marrow transplant, stem cells are derived from the patient. Stem cells from patient’s bone marrow are harvested and stored. After the patient receives high doses of chemotherapy therapy, the stem cells are engrafted back in the patient’s body. The ultimate goal of autogous bone marrow transplant is to restore or rescue hematologic and immunologic function.
Top medical tourist destinations, like Turkey hold strong and outstanding health care and advanced technologies, which provide bone marrow transplant care at lower prices compared to medical facilities in the US.
Bone marrow transplant is a life-saving procedure that is impossible to afford for some patients, especially those without medical insurance coverage. Traveling for bone marrow transplant abroad is a substantially affordable and reasonably-priced alternative to costly procedures in the US.